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Future of Work

A curated resource of recent research on trends shaping Canada's labor market.

Matching people with jobs and jobs with people

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Key Takeaway
Poor communication between the main players in Canada’s labour market is causing mismatches between the skills that businesses need and the skills that workers have. A competency-based system could be the solution.

 

This report discusses the communication issues that labour market players have with each other and delves into how these can inhibit the efficient matching of people with jobs and vice versa. It finds that poor communication leads to skills mismatches, a lack of understanding among employers of the skills needed for certain jobs, and outdated learning programs.

The authors propose a competency-based system as a solution. Competencies—defined by the authors as the demonstrated ability to apply skills, knowledge and other attributes in a particular job to achieve a particular outcome—are seen as the appropriate signals required to match skills with jobs. These can be used for hiring, in learning programs, and by credentialling organizations.

This research dives into the idea of a competency-based system and explores the different issues that can be addressed using a more granular approach to matching people with jobs.

The report concludes with recommendations for policy-makers, employers and learning providers.

October, 2023 | Griffiths, J., Lane, J.
Key Takeaway: Poor communication between the main players in Canada’s labour market is causing mismatches between the skills that businesses need and the skills that workers have. A competency-based system could be the solution.
November, 2023 | Li, V., Hamza, M., Kwok, T
Key Takeaway: The rise of remote work has boosted demand for the basic digital skills that are needed for many jobs in the modern workforce. AI and the increasing use of big data will increase employers’ demands for digital know-how.
November, 2023 | Mahboubi, P., Zhang, T.
Key Takeaway: Canadian businesses have sought short-term solutions to labour shortages—but several tactics are required.
October, 2023 | Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
Key Takeaway: IRCC’s new whole-of-government strategy to reshape Canada’s immigration system creates a more welcoming experience, aligns with labour market needs, and includes developing a growth plan.
October, 2023 | Dennler, K.
Key Takeaway: Canada has seen a significant rise in the number of immigrants choosing to leave the country, signaling a growing issue with long-term immigrant retention
November, 2023 | Picot, G., Crossman, E., Hou, F.
Key Takeaway: Immigrants who arrive through Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) are less likely to remain in Canada—but those who do stay are more likely to remain in the province they originally settled in.
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