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Future of Work

A curated resource of recent research on trends shaping Canada's labor market.

Post-migration education of immigrants admitted in 2010 and 2011: The impact of completing skilled trades training in Canada on economic outcomes

Key Takeaway
Immigration could alleviate the labour shortages that are predicted to arise in skilled trades as Canada’s population ages.


This study addresses labour shortages that are predicted in the skilled trades workforce as a result of the country’s aging population. It highlights immigration as a way to address the problem.

The authors used data from the Longitudinal Immigration Database and the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform to examine outcomes of postsecondary education and apprenticeship training after migration. Findings indicate that 1.5% of principal applicants achieved a skilled trades certificate after seven years, with 15.2% completing other postsecondary education. Most immigrant skilled journeypersons were male and had less education levels. The majority intended to work in the skilled trades once in Canada, and identified construction and industrial electrical work as the most popular employment options among the trades.  

The research shows that, after seven years, certified journeypersons earned nearly $20,000 more than those without any Canadian post-secondary education, and $13,200 more than those with other post-secondary education.

September, 2023 | Finlayson, J. Globerman, S.
Key Takeaway: Public policies that promote higher employment rates and increased labour productivity of immigrants would strengthen the linkages between rising numbers of immigrants and real economic growth.
September, 2023 | Marwah, S., Omidvar, R., Yussuff, H., Woo, Y. P
Key Takeaway: Canada’s International Student Program requires careful policy attention to maintain its integrity and the well-being of students.
July, 2023 | Bartlett, R.
Key Takeaway: Labour market trends must be considered when making decisions about immigration levels.
May, 2023 | Frenette, M.
Key Takeaway: The realities of market supply and demand, not cognitive skills, represent the most likely explanation for earnings disparities among post-secondary graduates in different fields.
October, 2023 | Lee, J., Brown, O., & Zon, N.
Key Takeaway: The long-term impacts of economic shock disproportionately affect young people who already face barriers to entering the workforce.
September, 2023 | Lockhart, A.
Key Takeaway: Despite being a leader in AI research, Canada is lagging in adopting the technology.
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