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A curated resource of recent research on trends shaping Canada's labor market.

Toronto’s Housing Crisis: When Immigration and Housing Policies Don’t Align

Key Takeaway
Challenges in Canada's housing market are hindering the integration and economic stability of immigrants and temporary migrants.


Canada’s housing market is posing significant challenges for immigrants and temporary migrants. The situation in Toronto, as highlighted in this study, is particularly problematic. The authors point out that the government’s goal to welcome up to 500,000 permanent residents and one million temporary migrants every year intensifies the pressure on urban housing supplies.

The report finds that many newcomers face daunting barriers when looking for somewhere to live. The problems stem from high costs, limited availability, and a housing strategy that relies heavily on the private sector. As the authors explain, this complicates the experience of newcomers trying to transition into the Canadian labour market. Housing stability is closely linked not only to social integration and economic stability broadly, but to employment opportunities and overall economic participation for individuals.  

The report concludes by emphasizing the need for targeted housing policies that will ensure immigrants and temporary migrants can find secure, affordable, and suitable housing. This is essential for their successful integration and ability to contribute to Canada’s economy.

January, 2024 | Ray, B., & Preston, V.
Key Takeaway: Challenges in Canada's housing market are hindering the integration and economic stability of immigrants and temporary migrants.
January, 2024 | Desormeaux, M., & Jean-Jacobs, F.
Key Takeaway: Labour shortages in the construction industry present an ongoing challenge that could be solved by immigration.
January, 2024 | The Daily
Key Takeaway: Immigrants who had Canadian work experience prior to admission saw increased wages post-COVID.
January, 2024 | Hou, F., & Picot, G.
Key Takeaway: Immigrants who enter Canada as temporary foreign workers or international students consistently out-earn those directly selected from abroad.
February, 2024 | Bérard-Chagnon, J., Hallman, S., Dionne, M-A., Tang, J., & St-Jean, B.
Key Takeaway: Canada needs policies to improve its retention of immigrants.
January, 2024 | Bagnoli, P., Matier, C., & Yan, X.
Key Takeaway: The income gap between recent immigrants to Canada and the Canadian median has diminished.
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