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Posts Tagged ‘Covid 19’

Food service labour shortages in Canada: exploring average hours worked as an indicator

The COVID-19 pandemic has hit the accommodation and food services sector harder than any other. Now, even as the broader economy recovers, the food services sector is facing unique challenges bringing people back to work. There have been many recent media stories suggesting food service labour shortages across Canada. Translating this anecdotal evidence into clear…Read More

The Search for Data on LGBTQ2S+ Workers

As an ally to LGBTQ2S+ people, I am thrilled to share the most recent report from the Social Research Demonstration Corporation (SRDC) exploring labour market outcomes of gender and sexual minorities in Canada. The data in this report represent a major step forward in highlighting the lack of labour market information (LMI) about LGBTQ2S+ people…Read More
Self-employed Canadians increasingly going solo during COVID-19 pandemic

Self-employed Canadians increasingly going solo during COVID-19 pandemic

Self-employed individuals, like many other groups of workers, have been negatively affected by the pandemic over the past year and a half, but over the past two decades the rate of self-employment has been remarkably steady, representing between 15 and 16% of total employment (see Figure 1). Yet the composition of self-employment has considerably changed.…Read More

The Canadian Economics Association Conference: Employment Impacts of COVID-19

The COVID-19 crisis has affected everyone in Canada. But when it comes to labour market outcomes, a few groups have borne the brunt of the pandemic’s impacts: low-income earners, members of visible minority groups and women. At the 2021 Canadian Economics Association (CEA) conference, I chaired the (first) LMIC session exploring the labour market impacts…Read More

Rural and Urban Employment Impacted Differently by COVID-19

Across Canada, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented job losses. Employment fell by 0.4% (-73,500) in April and remains 2.2% (–422,750) below the pre-pandemic employment level in February 2020. The loss and partial recovery in employment has followed different patterns based on where workers live. As of April 2021, large cities remain the furthest…Read More

Part-Time and Full-Time Employment Among Immigrants: A Tale of Two Recoveries

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, LMIC has been analyzing the emerging data on job loss and recovery. Previous LMIC blogs have shown, for example, that immigrants have experienced greater employment losses than Canadian-born workers, and that the recovery has been slowest for female immigrants. Building on that work, we now examine employment recovery among full-time and…Read More

Employment Recovery Lags for Low Earners

In August 2020, employment increased by another 246,000 jobs (+1.4%) to bring total employment in the month to nearly 97% of its February level.  As noted by Statistics Canada’s data release, low-earning workers suffered larger initial job losses and are now facing a weaker recovery. Much of this is because low-earning workers are concentrated in…Read More

Canadian Immigrants and COVID-19 Employment Impacts

In recent years, labour force growth in Canada has been driven by international immigration and older Canadian-born workers staying in the workforce longer. By 2031, an estimated 80% of Canada’s labour force growth will come from immigration as larger, older cohorts of Canadians retire and fertility levels remain below the rate of replacement.  Although immigrant…Read More

Key Measures of Economic Recovery: Employment and Hours Worked

In monitoring the economic recovery as pandemic restrictions lift, it is important to look at several labour market indicators. Average hours worked is one of those key indicators. Between February and April 2020, both employment and average hours worked fell by 15%. In June, the average hours worked rose by 7% (up 2 hours per…Read More